The 2008 Organic Production Survey (OPS) is a follow-on survey to the 2007 Census of Agriculture. It is the first organic production and practices survey conducted on the national level by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS).

The organic industry has experienced measurable growth over the last few years. This survey responded to the intense need for detailed industry data. The 2007 Census of Agriculture reported more than 20,000 farms engaged in organic production and over $1.7 billion in sales in the U.S. The 2008 Organic Production Survey collected additional information on organic farming for the 2008 calendar year.